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Birney, D.P., Beckmann, J., Beckmann, N., & Stemler, S.E. (2022). Sophisticated Statistics Cannot Compensate for Method Effects if Quantifiable Structure is Compromised. Frontiers in Psychology: Quantitative Psychology and Measurement. Available at:

Stemler, S.E., & Naples, A. (2021). Rasch Measurement v. Item Response Theory: Knowing when to cross the line. Practical Assessment, Research, and Evaluation, 26(11). Available at:

Stemler, S.E. , & Kaufman, J. (2020). Are Creative People Better than Others at Recognizing Creative Work? Thinking Skills and Creativity, 38

Bebell, D., Stemler, S.E., & Heimler, D. (2020). An analysis of high school mission statements from 2001 to 2019. Journal of Education and Social Policy, 7(2) , 1-13.

Stemler, S.E. (2017). College Admissions, the MIA Model, and MOOCs: Commentary on Niessen and Meijer (2017). Perspectives on Psychological Science, 12(3), 449-451.PDF

Stemler, S.E., & Bebell, D., Denzer-King, A., McCann, M., Yun, Y., Ireland, W., Tur-Kaspa, A., & Drake, A. (2017). Measuring Creativity in the Classroom . e-book available at:

Stemler, S.E., Aggarwal, V., & Nithyanand, S. (2016). Knowing what NOT to do is a critical job skill: Evidence from 10 different scoring methods. International Journal of Selection and Assessment, 23(3), 229-245. PDF

Stemler, S.E., DePascale, M. (2015). Aligning mission and measurement. In A.A. Lipnevich, F. Preckel, and R.D. Roberts (Eds.), Psychosocial skills and school systems (pp. 57-92). New York: Springer. PDF

Stemler, S.E., & Sorkin, C. (2015). A closer look at the Wesleyan Intercultural Competence Scale (WICS): A new tool for measuring study abroad outcomes. In V. Savicki and M. Brewer (Eds.), Assessing International Learning: Theory, Tools, and Practice (pp. 246-261). Herndon, VA: Stylus Publishing. PDF

Stemler, S.E. (2015). Emerging trends in content analysis. In R. Scott and S. Kosslyn (Eds.), Emerging Trends in the Social and Behavioral Sciences. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley and Sons. PDF

Stemler, S.E., Imada, T., & Sorkin, C. (2014). Development and validation of the Wesleyan Intercultural Competence Scale (WICS). Frontiers: the Interdisciplinary Journal of Study Abroad, XXIV, 25-47. PDF

Sternberg, R.J., Jarvin, L.J., Birney, D.P., Naples, A., Stemler, S.E., Newman, T., Otterbach, R., Parish, C., Randi, J., & Grigorenko, E.L. (2014). Testing the theory of successful intelligence through educational interventions in Grade 4 language arts, mathematics, and science. Journal of Educational Psychology, 106(3), 881-899. PDF

Matthew, C.T., & Stemler, S.E. (2013). Assessing mental flexibility with a new Word Recognition Test. Personality and Individual Differences, 55, 915-920. PDF

Stemler, S.E., & Sternberg, R.J. (2013). The assessment of aptitude. In K.F. Geisinger (Ed.) The APA Handbook of Testing and Assessment in Psychology, Vol 3, (281-296). Washington, DC: American Psychological Association. PDF

Reich, J., Hein, S., Krivulskaya, S., Hart, L., Gumkowski, N., Grigorenko, E.L., & The Learning Disabilities Project: Zambia. (2013). Associations between household responsibilities and academic competencies in the context of education accessibility in Zambia. Learning and Individual Differences, 27, 250-257. PDF

Stemler, S.E. (2012). What should university admissions tests predict? Educational Psychologist, 47(1), 5-17. PDF

Stemler, S.E. , & Bebell, D.J. (2012). The School Mission Statement: Values, Goals, and Identities in American Education. New York: Routledge. *Click to order

Stemler, S.E., Elliott, J., McNeish, D., Grigorenko, E.L., & Sternberg, R.J. (2012). Examining the construct and cross-cultural validity of the Teaching Excellence Rating Scale (TERS). The International Journal of Educational and Psychological Assessment, 9(2), 121-138. PDF.

Stemler, S.E., Bebell, D., & Sonnabend, L. (2011). Using school mission statements for reflection and research. Educational Administration Quarterly, 47(2), 383-420. PDF

Sternberg, R.J., Grigorenko, E.L., Kidd, K.K., & Stemler, S.E. (2011). Intelligence, race, and genetics. In S. Krimsky and K. Sloan (Eds.), Race and the Genetic Revolution: Science, Myth, and Culture (pp. 195-237). New York: Columbia University Press. PDF

Elliott, J.G., Stemler, S.E., Grigorenko, E.L., Sternberg, R.J., & Hoffman, N. (2011). The socially skilled teacher and the development of tacit knowledge. British Educational Research Journal, 37(1), 83-103. PDF

Stemler, S.E., Sternberg, R.J., Grigorenko, E.L., Jarvin, L., & Sharpes, K. (2009). Using the theory of successful intelligence as a framework for developing assessments in AP Physics. Contemporary Educational Psychology, 34, 195-209. PDF

Kahn, R., Stemler, S.E., Berchin-Weiss, J. (2009). Enhancing parent participation in early intervention through tools that support mediated learning. Journal of Cognitive Education and Psychology, 8(3), 269-287. PDF

Stemler, S.E., Chamvu, F., Chart, H., Jarvin, L., Jere, J., Hart, L., Kaani, B., Kalima, K., Kwiatkowski, J., Mambwe, A., Kasonde-N’Gandu, S., Newman, T., Serpell, R., Sparrow, S., Sternberg, R.J., & Grigorenko, E.L.. (2009). Assessing competencies in reading and mathematics in Zambian children. In E.L. Grigorenko (Ed.), Multicultural Psychoeducational Assessment (pp. 157-186). New York: Springer Publishers. PDF

Stemler, S.E. (August, 2009). The measurement of adaptability in military personnel. Final report prepared under subcontract to the University of Central Florida.

Wu, M.B., & Stemler, S.E. (2008). Resident advisor general intelligence, emotional intelligence, personality dimensions, and internal belief characteristics as predictors of rated performance. Journal of Student Affairs Research and Practice, 45(4), 528-559. PDF

Elliott, J.G., & Stemler, S.E. (2008). Teacher authority, tacit knowledge and the training of teachers. In T.E. Scruggs and M.A. Mastropieri (Eds.), Advances in learning and behavioral disabilities: Vol. 21Personnel Preparation (pp 75-88). Oxford, UK: Elsevier. PDF

Stemler, S.E., & Tsai, J. (2008). Best practices in estimating interrater reliability. In J. Osborne (Ed.). Best practices in quantitative methods (pp.29-49). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage publications. PDF

Stemler, S.E., & Birney, D. (2007). Measurement. In N. Salkind (Ed.), Encyclopedia of Measurement and Statistics, Volume 2 (pp. 582-584). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications.

Birney, D., & Stemler, S.E. (2007). Intelligence Quotient. In N. Salkind (Ed.), Encyclopedia of Measurement and Statistics, Volume 2 (pp. 473-476). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications. PDF

Stemler, S.E. (2007). Interrater reliability. In N. Salkind (Ed.), Encyclopedia of Measurement and Statistics, Volume 2 (pp. 484-486). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications.

Stemler, S.E. (2007). Profile Analysis. In N. Salkind (Ed.), Encyclopedia of Measurement and Statistics, Volume 2 (pp. 788-789). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications.

Stemler, S.E. (2007). Cohen’s kappa. In N. Salkind (Ed.), Encyclopedia of Measurement and Statistics, Volume 1 (pp. 164-166). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications.

Sternberg, R.J., and the Rainbow Project Collaborators (2006). The Rainbow Project: Enhancing the SAT through assessments of analytical, practical, and creative skills. Intelligence, 34, 321-350. PDF

Stemler, S.E., Grigorenko, E. L., Jarvin, L., & Sternberg, R. J. (2006). Using the theory of successful intelligence as a basis for augmenting AP exams in psychology and statistics. Contemporary Educational Psychology, 31(2), 75-108. PDF

Stemler, S.E., Elliott, J.G., Grigorenko, E.G., & Sternberg, R.J. (2006). There’s more to teaching than instruction: Seven strategies for dealing with the practical side of teaching.Educational Studies, 32(1), 85-102. PDF

Stemler, S.E., & Sternberg, R.J. (2006). Using situational judgment tests to measure practical intelligence. In J. Weekley and R.E. Ployhart (Eds.), Situational Judgment Tests (pp. 107-131). Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, Inc. PDF

Sternberg, R. J., Birney, D., Jarvin, L., Kirlik, A., Stemler, S.E. & Grigorenko, E. L. (2006). From Molehill to Mountain: The Process of Scaling Up Educational Interventions (First-Hand Experience Upscaling the Theory of Successful Intelligence). In M. A. Constas, & R. J. Sternberg (Eds.) Translating theory and research into educational practice: Developments in content domains, large-scale reform, and intellectual capacity (pp. 205-221). Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates. PDF

Stemler, S.E. (2004). A comparison of consensus, consistency, and measurement approaches to estimating interrater reliability. Practical Assessment, Research & Evaluation, 9(4). Retrieved May 21, 2011 from . This paper has been viewed 99,830 times and cited 244 times since 3/1/2004.

Sternberg, R.J., & Stemler, S.E. (2004). Wisdom as a moral virtue. In T.A. Thorkildsen, & H.J. Walberg (Eds.), Nurturing morality (pp. 187-198). New York: Kluwer Academic/Plenum Publishers. PDF

Stemler, S.E. (2004). Automated essay scoring: A human’s review. [Review of the book Automated Essay Scoring]. PsycCRITIQUES, 49 (Suppl 14), np.

Stemler, S.E. (2004). The man in the mirror: reflections on identity formation and intergroup conflict. [Review of the book Social Identity, Interpersonal Conflict, and Conflict Reduction]. Journal of Contemporary Psychology, 49(6), 739-742.

Stemler, S.E. (2003). The social psychology of conflict resolution [Review of the book The handbook of conflict resolution]. Journal of Contemporary Psychology,48(5), 685-687. PDF

Stemler, S.E. (2003). The undercurrent of American education [Review of the book Images of schoolteachers in America]. Journal of Contemporary Psychology, 48(4), 414–416.

Stemler, S.E. (2003). Toward a theory of cybereducation [Review of the book Cybereducation: The future of long-distance learning]. Journal of Contemporary Psychology, 48(3), 251–252.

Mullis, I.V.S., & Stemler, S.E. (2002). Analyzing gender differences for high-achieving students on TIMSS. In D.F. Robitaille & A.E. Beaton (Eds.), Secondary Analysis of the TIMSS Results (pp. 277-290) . Kluwer Academic Publishers. PDF

Stemler, S.E. (2001). An overview of content analysis. Practical Assessment, Research & Evaluation, 7(17). Retrieved April 15, 2010 from This paper has been viewed 490,970 times and cited 1,941 times since 6/7/2001.

Martin, M.O., Gregory, K.D., O’Connor, K.M., & Stemler, S.E. (Eds.). (2001). TIMSS 1999 Benchmarking Technical Report. Chestnut Hill, MA: Boston College. PDF

O’Connor, K.M., & Stemler, S.E. (2001). Quality Control in Data Collection for TIMSS 1999 Benchmarking. In M.O. Martin, K.D. Gregory, K.M. O’Connor, & S.E. Stemler (Eds.), TIMSS 1999 Benchmarking Technical Report. Chestnut Hill, MA: Boston College. PDF

Martin, M.O., Mullis, I.V.S., & Stemler, S.E. (2001). TIMSS Questionnaire Development. In M.O. Martin, K.D. Gregory, K.M. O’Connor, & S.E. Stemler (Eds.), TIMSS 1999 Benchmarking Technical Report. Chestnut Hill, MA: Boston College. PDF

Stemler, S.E. (2001). Examining School Effectiveness at the Fourth Grade: A Hierarchical Analysis of the Third International Mathematics and Science Study (TIMSS). (Doctoral dissertation, Boston College, 2001). Dissertation Abstracts International, 62 (03A), p. 919. PDF

Martin, M.O., Gregory, K.D., & Stemler, S.E. (Eds.). (2000). TIMSS 1999 Technical Report. Chestnut Hill, MA: Boston College. PDF

Mullis, I.V.S., Martin, M.O., Fierros, E.G., Goldberg, A.L., & Stemler, S.E. (2000). Examining Gender Differences in Mathematics and Science Achievement on the Third International Mathematics and Science Study. Chestnut Hill, MA: Boston College. PDF